It’s 150 years since the American Civil War began in April 1861, which is a good reason to mention Brent E Kinser’s new book The American Civil War in the Shaping of British Democracy.
When the American Civil War broke out, a central question for British intellectuals was whether or not the American conflict was proof of the viability of democracy as a foundation for modern governance. The lessons of the American Civil War for Britain would remain a focal point in the debate on democracy throughout the war up to the suffrage reform of 1867, and after.
In the book, Brent E. Kinser considers four figures connected by Woodrow Wilson’s concept of the “Literary Politician,” a person who, while possessing a profound knowledge of politics combined with an equally acute literary ability to express that knowledge, escapes the practical drudgeries of policy making.
Kinser argues that the animosity of Thomas Carlyle towards democracy, the rhetorical strategy of Anthony Trollope’s North America, the centrality of the American war in Walter Bagehot’s vision of British governance, and the political philosophy of John Stuart Mill illustrate the American conflict’s vital presence in the debates leading up to the 1867 reform, a legislative event that helped to secure democracy’s place in the British political system.