Ashgate author, Professor James Reason, thinks so. He is currently presenting a two-part series on medical disclosure on BBC Radio 4 (Part One was aired on Monday 20th February 2012, 20.00 UK time). You can listen to the programme via the BBC website.
Professor Reason discovers how encouraging doctors to admit their mistakes can improve patient safety. He talks to Rick Boothman and Darrell Campbell at the University of Michigan, the creators of a programme where doctors have to be open about their errors.
Find out more about the programme and about James Reason on the Ashgate Human Factors author hub.